The Foundation


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How to: Tunisian Crochet


     The majority of all Tunisian crochet stitches originate from a universal 'foundation row.' This is always done in the same way, and from the vertical and horizontal bars and loops created in the foundation row most stitches are formed. If you are just learning how to TC this would be the place to start, the very basics of getting started and forming stitches. The following is just to show how to get started and the techniques I use that works for me.

     Using your choice of yarn and a long crochet hook, also known as an Afghan or Tunisian hook, create a chain just like in traditional crochet.

The first forward: (casting on)
forward: Insert hook into first chain space from hook. Yarn over and pull up a loop. * Keep the loop on your hook. Insert into next, yarn over and pull up a loop. Repeat from * keeping all loops on hook.

The first return: (casting off)
return: Yarn over and pull back through one loop. * Yarn over and pull through two loops. Repeat from * until one loop remains on hook.

  • The edge:  When inserting your hook into the chain spaces you can really go through any loop in the intended space, it doesn't really matter, but to create an 'edge' matches all the way around turn the chain over and go through the hump. This is also needed if you intend to add a border or connect pieces, etc.
  •  The first and last stitches: This pertains to additional rows beyond the first row but is part of the foundation. The loop left on your hook is the first stitch of the next row. Most of the time you'll be able to see how it lines up with the edge (first stitch) of the last row and wont have a hard time finding the next. The last stitch is always done in the same way, regardless of pattern. 'Insert hook under last vertical bar,' the very last one on the edge, 'yarn over and pull up a loop.' I go in-between the two outer bars and the inner bar keeping two outer to the left of my hook to create that same 'edge.' (see video)
  • Curling: There isn't a hole lot you can do for curling when working tight stitches other than blocking your work when your finished, but completing this row a little loosely will help a lot.

This is what your foundation row looks like and where all the various bars and loops are located:

illustration of bars and loops coming soon

From here you can commence with your stitch. Use the Stitch Index to try out different stitches found on this site.

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